Warsaw’s Old Town is considered one of the most famous tourist attractions in Warsaw as well as in Poland. It was established in the 13th century and became the heart of the capital after the late 16th century. The unique atmosphere permeates its attractive streets and squares, filled with medieval architecture. Take a stroll down the narrow and winding cobblestone streets, admire its colorful tenement houses and one of the most beautiful squares in Warsaw, the Old Town Square, where you can find a statue of the Warsaw Mermaid, who is the symbol and guardian of the city, armed with a sword and a shield standing in the middle of the square.
During World War II, more than 85 % of Warsaw’s historic center was destroyed by Nazi troops. After the war, with the support of the whole nation, a five-year reconstruction campaign by its inhabitants resulted in today’s meticulous restoration of the Old Town, with its churches, palaces, and market squares. In 1980, Warsaw’s Old Town was placed on the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites as “an outstanding example of a near-total reconstruction of a span of history covering the 13th to the 20th century”. As you wander through the cobblestone streets, you can still find some bricks riddled with bullet holes, which sit stark in contrast to the beautiful castle and churches. Warsaw’s Old Town is not only a splendid example of the reconstruction of the heritage but also an expression of the unity of Polish people and the determination of the nation.
A town that was laid in ruins has become an architectural miracle today and still breathes in the Medieval atmosphere. There are too many meaningful attractions worth a visit, such as the Royal Castle where the 3 May Constitution was passed, the Barbican which is one of the few remaining relics of the historic fortifications that once encircled Warsaw, the Holy Cross Church where Chopin’s heart is buried, and St. John’s Cathedral where many significant Polish personalities are buried including the last king of Poland, two Polish Presidents, and Nobel Prize winner.
Photo By Beata Chwała, visit her Instagram Profile – https://www.instagram.com/beatachwala1911/?igshid=1ex1uuwiu0uzl